VIRTUAL HYDROLOGISTS PROJECT: PETER S. EAGLESON

PETER S. EAGLESON

Eagleson_PicPeter (Pete) Eagleson is recognized as a world leader in hydrology. He is a Professor emeritus at MIT where he has taught since 1952. Eagleson was a pioneer in establishing the physical principles behind hydrological processes and integrating them towards a better understanding of river basin hydrologic response and local-to-global scale hydrology. His textbook, Dynamic Hydrology, published in 1970 as a bold and different approach to hydrologic sciences, served as a catalyst for the redefinition of the field of hydrology as a rigorous and quantitative scientific field at the heart of climate and earth system sciences.

Eagleson’s book on Dynamic Hydrology (McGraw-Hill, 1970, 462 pages) modernized the discipline and established it among the geosciences. The books Ecohydrology: Darwinian Expression of Vegetation Form and Function (Cambridge University Press, 2005, 484 pages) and Range and Richness of Vascular Land Plants: The Role of Variable Light (American Geophysical Union, 2013, 156 pages) established the field of “ecohydrology”. With concepts from a variety of disciplines, he developed a complete theory of soil-plant-atmosphere interactions, hypothesized concepts of ecological climax, theories for the optimal balance between vegetation and its environment, and predicted the location and dominance of different vegetation types over the globe.

Even more important than his personal contributions, Peter Eagleson chaired the U.S. National Research Council Committee on Opportunities in Hydrologic Sciences, which produced a landmark report (known also as the “Blue Book”). This report was the impetus for establishing hydrologic sciences as a distinct field within Geosciences and for establishing the Hydrologic Sciences Program within the National Science Foundation (NSF). Peter Eagleson served as president of the Hydrology Section of the American
Geophysical Union (AGU) from 1982-1984 and as AGU’s president from 1986 to 1988.

For his extraordinary achievements Eagleson has received essentially every major recognition available to hydrologists. These include the 1991 International Hydrology Prize from the International Association of Hydrologic Sciences (IAHS), the 1988 Horton Medal from AGU, election to the National Academy of Engineering in 1982, the Bowie Medal of AGU in 1994, and the Stockholm Water Prize in 1997. To honor his long-lasting contributions to hydrology, the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Sciences, Inc. (CUAHSI) established in 2008 the Peter S. Eagleson Lecture in Hydrologic Sciences.

Sources:

Falkenmark, M., and R. L. Bras (1997), Eagleson Receives the Stockholm Water Prize, Eos, 78(49), 568-569. [PDF]

Peter S. Eagleson. (2016, September 24). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:41, September 24, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Peter_S._Eagleson&oldid=741007250


List of Publications:

1. Eagleson, P. S. (1967), Optimum density of rainfall networks, Water Resources Research, 3(4), 1021-1033. [PDF]

2. Eagleson, P. S. (1968), Correction to “Optimum density of rainfall networks” by Peter S. Eagleson, Water Resources Research, 4(1), 223. [PDF]

3. Eagleson, P. S., R. Mejia-R, and F. March (1968), Reply to “Comment on “Computation of optimum realizable unit hydrographs,” by Peter S. Eagleson, Ricardo Mejia-R, and Frederick March”, Water Resources Research, 4(1), 215-217. [PDF]

4. Eagleson, P. S. (1972), Dynamics of flood frequency, Water Resources Research, 8(4), 878-898. [PDF]

5. Eagleson, P. S. (1978), Climate, soil, and vegetation: 1. Introduction to water balance dynamics, Water Resources Research, 14(5), 705-712. [PDF]

6. Eagleson, P. S. (1978), Climate, soil, and vegetation: 2. The distribution of annual precipitation derived from observed storm sequences, Water Resources Research, 14(5), 713-721. [PDF]

7. Eagleson, P. S. (1978), Climate, soil, and vegetation: 3. A simplified model of soil moisture movement in the liquid phase, Water Resources Research, 14(5), 722-730. [PDF]

8. Eagleson, P. S. (1978), Climate, soil, and vegetation: 4. The expected value of annual evapotranspiration, Water Resources Research, 14(5), 731-739. [PDF]

9. Eagleson, P. S. (1978), Climate, soil, and vegetation: 5. A derived distribution of storm surface runoff, Water Resources Research, 14(5), 741-748. [PDF]

10. Eagleson, P. S. (1978), Climate, soil, and vegetation: 6. Dynamics of the annual water balance, Water Resources Research, 14(5), 749-764. [PDF]

11. Eagleson, P. S. (1978), Climate, soil, and vegetation: 7. A derived distribution of annual water yield, Water Resources Research, 14(5), 765-776. [PDF]

12. Eagleson, P. S. (1979), The annual water balance, Journal of the Hydraulics Division, ASCE 105 HY8, Proc. Paper, 14781, 921-941.

13. Eagleson, P. S. (1979), Correction to “Climate, soil, and vegetation” by Peter S. Eagleson, Water Resources Research, 15(3), 734 734. [PDF]

14. Chan, S.-O., and P. S. Eagleson (1980), Water Balance Studies Of The Bahr El Ghazal Swamp, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory for Water Resources and Hydrodynamics, Report 261, 317.

15. El-Hemry, I. I., and P. S. Eagleson (1980), Water Balance Estimates Of The Machar Marshes, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory for Water Resources and Hydrodynamics, Report 260, 223.

16. Milly, P. C. D., and P. S. Eagleson (1980), Coupled Transport Of Water And Heat In A Vertical Soil Column Under Atmospheric Excitation, M.S. Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. [PDF]

17. Tellers, T. E., and P. S. Eagleson (1980),   Estimation Of Effective Hydrologic Properties Of Soils From Observations Of Vegetation Density, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory for Water Resources and Hydrodynamics, Report 254, 127.

18. Eagleson, P. S. (1981), Some limiting forms of the poisson distribution of annual station precipitation, Water Resources Research, 17(3), 752-757. [PDF]

19. Caro, R., and P. S. Eagleson (1981), Estimating aquifer recharge due to rainfall, Journal of Hydrology, 53, 185-211. [LINK]

20. Eagleson, P. S. (1982), Land surface processes in atmospheric general circulation models. Papers presented at the World Climate Research Programme study conference, Greenbelt, MD, 5-10 January 1981.

21. Andreou, S. A., and P. S. Eagleson (1982), A second-order Budyko-type parameterization of landsurface hydrology, Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory Hydrology and Water Resources Systems, Report 280, 143 pages. [PDF]

22. Restrepo-Posada, P. J., and P. S. Eagleson (1982), Identification of independent rainstorms, Journal of Hydrology, 55, 303-319. [LINK]

23. Eagleson, P. S. (1982), Ecological optimality in water-limited natural soil-vegetation systems: 1. Theory and hypothesis, Water Resources Research, 18(2), 325-340. [PDF]

24. Eagleson, P.S., and T. E. Tellers (1982), Ecological optimality in water-limited natural soil-vegetation systems: 2. Tests and applications, Water Resources Research, 18(2), 341-354. [PDF]

25. Caro, R., and P. S. Eagleson (1982), Estimating aquifer recharge due to rainfall – Reply, Journal of Hydrology, 58, 183-184. [LINK]

26. Eagleson, P. S. (1982), Dynamic hydro-thermal balances at macroscale, Land surface processes in atmospheric general circulation models, WCRP conference papers, Greenbelt, 1981, 289-357.

27. Andreou, S. A., and P. S. Eagleson (1983), Extensions and applications of a second-order landsurface parameterization.

28. Eagleson, P. S. (1984), The Distribution of Catchment Coverage by Stationary Rainstorms, Water Resources Research, 20(5), 581-590. [PDF]

29. Eagleson, P. S., and Q. Wang (1985), Moments of Catchment Storm Area, Water Resources Research, 21(8), 1185-1194. [PDF]

30. Eagleson, P. S. (1985), Feasibility of using Landsat images of vegetation cover to estimate effective hydraulic properties of soils, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 20 pages. [PDF]

31. Eagleson, P. S. (1985), Areal coverage of storm precipitation, Final Technical Report NAG 5-388, 6 pages.  [PDF]

32. Eagleson, P. S., and R. I. Segarra (1985), Water-Limited Equilibrium of Savanna Vegetation Systems, Water Resources Research, 21(10), 1483-1493. [PDF]

33. Eagleson, P. S. (1986), The emergence of global-scale hydrology, Water Resources Research, 22(9S), 6S-14S. [PDF]

34. Eagleson, P. S., and Q. Wang (1987), The role of uncertain catchment storm size in the moments of peak streamflow, Journal of Hydrology, 96, 329-344. [LINK]

35. Eagleson, P. S., N. M. Fennessey, Q. Wang, and I. Rodriguez-Iturbe (1987), Application of spatial models to air mass thunderstorm rainfall, Journal of Geophysical Research, 92(D8), 9661-9678. [PDF]

36. Rodriguez-Iturbe, I., and P. S. Eagleson (1987), Correction to “Mathematical models of rainstorm events in space and time”, Water Resources Research, 23(10), 2014. [PDF]

37. Rodriguez-Iturbe, I., and P. S. Eagleson (1987), Mathematical models of rainstorm events in space and time, Water Resources Research, 23(1), 181-190. [PDF]

38. Milly, P. C. D., and P. S. Eagleson (1987), Effects of spatial variability on annual average water balance, Water Resources Research, 23(11), 2135-2143. [PDF]

39. Jacobs, B. L., I. Rodriguez-Iturbe, and P. S. Eagleson (1988), Evaluation of a homogeneous point process description of Arizona thunderstorm rainfall, Water Resources Research, 24(7), 1174-1186. [PDF]

40. Milly, P. C. D., and P. S. Eagleson (1988), Effect of storm scale on surface runoff volume, Water Resources Research, 24(4), 620-624. [PDF]

41. Arris, L. L., and P. S. Eagleson (1989), Evidence of a physiological basis for the boreal-deciduous forest ecotone in North America Vegetation, 82(1), 55-58.

42. Entekhabi, D., I. Rodriguez-Iturbe, and P. S. Eagleson (1989), Probabilistic representation of the temporal rainfall process by a modified Neyman-Scott Rectangular Pulses Model: Parameter estimation and validation, Water Resources Research, 25(2), 295-302. [PDF]

43. Jasinski, M. F., and P. S. Eagleson (1989), The Structure of Red-Infrared Scattergrams of Semivegetated Landscapes, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 27(4), 441-451. [LINK]

44. Nash, J. E., P. S. Eagleson, J. R. Philip, and W. H. Van Der Molen (1990), The education of hydrologists (report of an IAHS/UNESCO panel on hydrological education), Hydrological Sciences Journal, 35(6), 597-607. [LINK]

45. Jasinski, M. F., and P. S. Eagleson (1990), Estimation of Subpixel Vegetation Cover Using Red-Infrared Scattergrams, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 28(2), 253-267. [LINK]

46. Eagleson, P. S. (1991), Global change, a catalyst for the development of hydrologic science, Bulletin – American Meteorological Society, 72(1), 34-43. [LINK]

47. Eagleson, P. S. (1991), Hydrologic science: A distinct geoscience, Reviews of Geophysics, 29(2), 237-248. [PDF]

48. Entekhabi, D., and P. S. Eagleson (1991), 10. Climate and the equilibrium state of land surface hydrology parameterizations, Surveys in Geophysics, 12, 205-220. [LINK]

49. Eagleson, P. S. (1992), Global change, a catalyst for the development of hydrologic science, Advances in theoretical hydrology, 219-236. [LINK]

50. Brubaker, K. L., D. Entekhabi, and P. S. Eagleson (1993), Estimation of continental precipitation recycling, Journal of Climate, 6(6), 1077-1089. [LINK]

51. Johnson, K. D., D. Entekhabi, and P. S. Eagleson (1993), The implementation and validation of improved land-surface hydrology in an atmospheric general circulation model, Journal of Climate, 6(6), 1009-1026. [LINK]

52. Brubaker, K. L., D. Entekhabi, and P. S. Eagleson (1994), Atmospheric water vapor transport and continental hydrology over the Americas, Journal of Hydrology, 155, 407-428. [LINK]

53. Brubaker, K. L., D. Entekhabi, and P. S. Eagleson, (1994), A simple model of the hydrologic cycle and climate: 2. Observational evidence for the parametrization of atmospheric heat and moisture divergence, Advances in Water Resources, 17, 93-100. [LINK]

54. Eagleson, P. S. (1994), The evolution of modern hydrology (from watershed to continent in 30 years), Advances in Water Resources, 17, 3-18. [LINK]

55. Arris, L. L., and P. S. Eagleson (1994), A water use model for locating the boreal/deciduous forest ecotone in eastern North America, Water Resources Research, 30(1), 1-9. [PDF]

56. Eagleson, P. S. (1998), Geophysics, natural selection, and hydrological forecasting, Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology – AQUA, 47(3), 119-124. [LINK]

 

Books

1.  Eagleson, P. S. (1970), Dynamic Hydrology, McGraw-Hill, 462 pages.

2.  Eagleson, P. S. et al., (1991), Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences, National Research Council. [PDF]

3.  Eagleson, P. S. (2005), Ecohydrology: Darwinian Expression of Vegetation Form and Function, Cambridge University Press, 484 pages.

4.  Eagleson, P. S. (2013), Range and Richness of Vascular Land Plants: The Role of Variable Light, American Geophysical Union, 156 pages.